Asia Continental - Countries and their Capitals, largest, high, deep, hot, cold, other facts.

Asia is the largest continent in the world. It is the world's largest continent by population and area, with an area of ​​44,444,100 sq km. , Which is 33 percent of the terrestrial part. There are about 50 countries in the Asia continent.

The Ural Mountains, the Caspian Sea, the Caucasus Mountains, and the Black Sea form the border of Asia and Europe,

While the Suez Canal, the Red Sea forms the border between Asia and Africa.

Asia Continent extension: The latitudinal expansion of Asia is 180° east longitude from 10° southern latitude to 80° northern latitude and longitudinal extension from 25° eastern longitude.

Largest, high, deep, hot, cold, places in the continent of Asia.

The highest peak of Asia continent: Mount Everest (8848 m high)

The deepest trough of the continent of Asia: the Mariana trough, near the Pacific Ocean Philippines.

The highest plateau of the continent of Asia: Pamir (it is called the roof of the world). The Tibetan plateau in Asia is the highest and broadest plateau in the world.

Asia's largest lake: The Caspian Sea, located in Kazakhstan

The deepest lake in the continent of Asia: Baikal, is in Russia.

Hotest places in Asia continent: Jacobabad, Pakistan (52 ° C)

The coldest place on the continent of Asia: Bryansk, Siberia (-68 ° C)

Asia's highest rainfall location: Masinram, India

Most populous country: China

Longest river: Yarsi, China (5797 km)

Largest Country: China



Smallest Country: Maldives

Longest railroad: Trans Saverian (9232 km) (St. Petersburg to Vladivostok)

The lowest part of the world is Israel, Palestine, and Jordan on the coast of the Dead Sea (400 m below sea level).


Asia Continental
Asia Continental Map

Asian countries and their capitals | Asia Continental Countries and Capitals


Country
Capital
Afghanistan
Kabul
Armenia
Yerevan
Azerbaijan
Baku
Bahrain
Manama
Bangladesh
Dhaka
Bhutan
Thimphu
Brunei
Bandar Seri Begawan
Cambodia
Phnom Penh
China
Beijing
Cyprus
Nicosia
Georgia
Tbilisi
India
New Delhi
Indonesia
Jakarta
Iran
Tehran
Iraq
Baghdad
Israel
Jerusalem
Japan
Tokyo
Jordan
Amman
Kazakhstan
Noor sultan
Kuwait
Kuwait City
Kyrgyzstan
Bishkek
Laos
Vientiane
Lebanon
Beirut
Malaysia
Kuala Lumpur
Maldives
Male
Mongolia
Ulaanbaatar
Myanmar (formerly Burma)
Naipadaw
Nepal
Kathmandu
North Korea
Pyongyang
Oman
Muscat
Pakistan
Islamabad
Palestine
Jerusalem (East)
Philippines
Manila
Katar
Doha
Russia
Moscow
Saudi Arab
Riyadh
Singapore
Singapore City
South Korea
Seoul
Sri Lanka
Shri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Syria
Damascus
Taiwan
Taipei
Tajikistan
Dushanbe
Thailand
Bangkok
Timor Leste
Dili
Turkey
Ankara
Turkmenistan
Ashgabat
United Arab Emirates
Abu Dhabi
Uzbekistan
Tashkent
Vietnam
Hanoi
Yemen
Sana


Important Facts related to Asian Continent countries

Nepal - The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu. Nepal is a mountainous country in the lap of the Himalayas as a 'buffer state' between China and India. It borders India with the states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Sikkim, and West Bengal.

Important peaks are Mount Everest, Dhaulagiri, Kanchenjunga (in the border areas of Nepal and Sikkim), Makalu, Annapurna, Gaurishankar, etc. The Middle Himalaya (Dhauladhar) is called the 'Mahabharata Range' in Nepal.

Nepal is a terrestrial barred country. Its foreign trade comes from Kolkata collapse.

Nepal's Kathmandu Valley, Lumbini, Chitwan National Park, and Sagarmatha National Park have been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Bhutan - Bhutan is a landlocked country in the lap of the eastern Himalayas. Bhutan is called the 'Land of Thundervolt' which is called the country of Serparaj. The national symbol here is python.

Bhutan is the only country in the world that measures its economic development on the basis of national prosperity. Bhotia is the predominance of the Nrajati group here.

It shares its border with China and India (Sikkim, West Bengal, Assam, and Arunachal Pradesh). The highest mountain peak here is 'Gankar Punasum' (Kulakongadi). Kulakangari (8200 m), the highest peak of Bhutan, is located in the Great Himalayas.

Pakistan - It is called 'country of canals'. Kirthar, Hindukush and Suleman are the major mountain ranges here. The peak of Hindukush mountain 'Tirichmir' (7708 m) is the highest peak in Pakistan.

The Khyber Pass is in the 'Hindukush' while the Bolan Pass is located in the 'Kirthar' range.

The 'Swat Valley' is located in the north-western region of Pakistan which is known as the 'Paradise of Pakistan'.

'Salt range' is a very important place in Pakistan. One of the hottest places in the world, 'Jacobabad' is located in the desert region.

The Sulaiman Range, Kirthar Range, and Salt Range Mountains are extensive in Pakistan. These categories Can be exceeded only by rates (Khyber, Gomal, and Bolan).

The Tarbela Dam Project on the Indus River is Pakistan's largest irrigation project.

Hamun-e Mashukel desert is located in the Baluchistan province of Pakistan.

Bangladesh - The capital of Bangladesh is Dhaka. Bangladesh boundaries share with India and Myanmar.

The country is located on the world's largest delta "Sundarban Delta" (Ganges-Brahmaputra River Delta).

Bangladesh is called the 'country of rivers'. The major rivers in Bangladesh are Ganga, Brahmaputra, Meghna, Surma, etc.

Sri Lanka - Sri Lanka is an island nation. Sri Lanka is also known as many names like Raldweep, Moti of the East, Sinhala Island, Tapovan. The Palk Strait separates it from India. The coral islands are found here, which are called Adam's Bridge. Sri Lanka is also called the pearl of the East.

Mount Pidurutalagama is the highest peak in Sri Lanka. Mahaveli Ganga is the longest river in Sri Lanka.

There is an 'Adam's Bridge' built from the coral island between Dhanushkodi in India and Tallayamannar in Sri Lanka. The longest river here is 'Mahaveli Ganga' and the highest peak is 'Pidururalagala' (2527 m).

Sri Lanka is a world leader in tea exports.

Tricomali on the north-east coast and Colombo on the west coast are the major ports here.

The Jaffna the peninsula is connected to the Sri Lankan mainland by Elephanta dare.

Myanmar - Myanmar is called the 'Country of the Golden Pagoda'. The new capital of Myanmar is Nei Paitava. Mount Hakka is the highest peak. To the east of the Salween River is the golden triangle which is famous for poppy cultivation.

The Irrawaddy River is the lifeline of Myanmar. Myanmar's Salween and Irawadi River Doab is called the East Rice Cultivation 'Rice Bowl'.

The heritage teak for Myanmar is famous for its wood all over the world. Here and the 'city bay of Pew' of Martin has been included in the beads world list.

At the same time, 'Inlay Lake' is the 'Biosphere Sanctuary Area' here.

Malaysia - Malaysia is a part of the Malaya Peninsula located in the Northern Hemisphere. On the island of Borneo, two Malaysian states 'Sarawak' and 'Sabah' are located.

'Kinabalu' is the highest mountain peak in Malaysia.

Indonesia - Jakarta is the capital of Indonesia. Indonesia is located on Java island.

Indonesia is an 'intercontinental country'. It is the largest island nation in the world in terms of area. There are groups of over 13,000 islands, with people inhabiting over 6,000 islands.

Java, Sumatra, Borneo (Kalimantan), Bali, Sulawesi are the main islands of Indonesia. Borneo is the largest island in Asia. The island is dominated by Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei.

The highest peak here is 'Punakak Jaya' (5030 m). 'Krakatao Volcano Mountain' is located on the island of Java in Indonesia. The largest lake here is 'Toba Lake' located on the island of Sumatra.

Indonesia is the most biodiversity country in the world after Brazil. The 'Wallace Line', which divides the natural flora and fauna, is located in this country.

Indonesia is the fourth most populous country after China, India, and the USA. 'Bahasa' is the national language here.

Indonesia is the world's largest producer of cinchona. Malaria drug is made by Cincona. The town of Badug, Indonesia has the highest production of 'Cincona'.

China - China is the world's largest population and third-largest country in the world in terms of area. The main language here is Mandarin.

The 'Jungaria Basin' is located in its western part, which is a 'gateway' between Central Asia and China.

China is the largest tin producing country in Asia. The most rice-producing country is China. Shanghai is called Manchester of China.

The 'Mukden Triangle' of China is famous for iron and steel and the 'Dacang' area is famous for large oil deposits and production.

China is also known as the birthplace of soybean and tea and the father of paper, silk, and gunpowder.

The Zechwan and Yangtzekiang Valley of China is famous for tea production and delta rice production.

The 'Pearl River Delta's area has become the largest urban area in the world.

The Red Basin is called the Garden of China.

Taiwan is located on the 'island of Pharmosa' away from the mainland of China. The Governing and Sansi provinces of China are famous for coal production. The largest antimony mine in China is located in Sikwangshan.

Japan - Japan is an island country. It is known as 'Country of Sunrise' (Nippon), 'Earth of Earthquakes', and 'Great Britain of the East'.

In Japan, in the late spring or early summer, polar oceanic airs receive heavy rainfall in the central and southern parts, called bye-yu or plume rain.

It is located on a number of islands, but in descending order depending on the area - Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku are the four major islands. Hiroshima, Nagoya, Yokohama, Kyoto, and Osaka are located on Honshu Island.

'Veeva Lake' which is an important lake in Japan? It is located on the island of Honshu. The largest river in Japan is 'Shinano'.

The major ports of Japan are Yokohama, Kobe, Nagoya, and Osaka.

Asia's longest tunnel 'Seikan' is in Japan, covering 53,58 km. Is long.

The Maldives - Maldives South is the smallest country in Asia both in terms of population and area. It is the lowest sea-level country in the world.


The capital of Maldives is Male and the national language is Dhivehi.

Saudi Arabia - Saudi Arabia, It is located on the Arabian Peninsula, the world's largest peninsula, and is the largest country in Southwest Asia in terms of area.

It is the only country that borders both the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf.

Jeddah is the largest port and airport in Western Asia. Mecca and Medina are major Muslim religious sites in Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Arabia has a leading position in the production and export of mineral oil in the world.

Iran - The capital of Iran is Tehran. Iran is a Siah Muslim-majority country. It is the only country in the world that borders both the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf.

The Chabahar port of Iran is located on the banks of the Arabian Sea, which is important for India from a strategic point of view. The city of Abadan is famous for its oil refinery.

Karun 'is an important river here.

Iraq - The capital of Iraq is Baghdad and is a historical-cultural city. Karbala is a religious and cultural places here.

It is the land of ancient Mesopotamia civilization. This civilization was developed in the basin region of Tigris-Euphrates (Tigris-Euphrates).

Turkey - Turkey is an intercontinental country located between the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea. It extends to both Asia and Europe.

The highest peak in Turkey is Mount Ararat (5165 m). 'Tigris-Euphrates' rivers originate from this mountain.

The city of Istanbul has developed on both continents of Asia and Europe. Here the 'Valley of Izmir' is famous for the production (agriculture) of opium.

Israel - Jerusalem is a famous city, a religious place for Jews, Christians, and Muslims. But Israel has captured and made its capital, which is the main reason for the dispute among the Gulf countries. Israel borders Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, and Egypt.

Paigang Lake, the highest altitude saltwater lake in the world, is located between Ladakh (India) and Tibet (China). World's Lowest Sea-Dead Sea in the venue section.

ThailandThailand is the largest producer of rubber. It is also called the country of white elephants.

List of Landlocked Countries of Asia Continental

Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan are Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Mongolia, Nepal, Bhutan, and Laos.