Biosphere Reserves of India, 18 Biosphere Reserves in India

The programme of Biosphere Reserves was initiated under the ‘Man and Biosphere’ (MAS)  programme by UNESCO in 1970.

The purpose of the formation of the Biosphere Reserves is to conserve in situ all forms of life, along with its support system, in its totally, so that it could serve as a referral system for monitoring and evaluating changes in the natural ecosystem.

The first Biosphere Reserves of the world was established in 1969.

Presently, there are 18 existing Biosphere Reserves in India.

The government of India has established 18 biosphere reserves in India.

Indian Biosphere Reserves

List of all 18 Biosphere Reserves in India

S.N.
Biosphere Reserves
Year of Establishment
State/ UT
1
Nilgiri (First Biosphere Reserves)
1986
Tamil Nadu, Kerala, & Karnataka
2
Nanda Devi
1988
Uttarakhand
3
Nokrek
1988
Meghalaya
4
Great Nicobar
1989
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
5
Manas
1989
Assam
6
Gulf of Mannar
1989
Tamil Nadu
7
Sundarbans
1989
West Bengal
8
Simlipal
1994
Odissa
9
Dibru-Saikhowa(Smallest Biosphere Reserves )
1997
Assam
10
Dihang-Dibang
1998
Arunachal Pradesh
11
Pachmarhi
1999
Madhya Pradesh
12
Khangchen Dzonga
2000
Sikkim
13
Agasthyamalai
2001
Kerala
14
Achanakmar-Amarkantak
2005
Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh
15
Great Rann of Kutchh
2008
Gujrat
16
Cold Desert (Largest Biosphere Reserves)
2009
Himachal Pradesh and J & K
17
Seshachalam Hills
2010
Andhra Pradesh
18
Panna
2011
Madhya Pradesh

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